By Carolin A. Crabbe
The social safeguard equation is worsening all over the world with the elderly inhabitants starting to be quicker than the exertions strength. within the final 20 years of the 20th century, the Latin American and the Caribbean quarter used to be confronted with what appeared insurmountable problems during this regard. Social safety expenditures had grown with the inflation and upward changes of wages and common tax evasion. inside this framework, numerous international locations within the zone undertook a profound overhaul in their social safeguard platforms, exchanging them totally or partly with a privately controlled and invested approach. those far-reaching reforms have replaced the way in which social protection is considered and, as a result, policymakers all over the world are the adventure of the zone. 1 / 4 Century of Pension Reform in Latin the United States and the Caribbean presents an research of those reforms, what labored good, what didn't, what are the teachings realized and what are the subsequent steps.
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Extra resources for A Quarter Century of Pension Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons Learned and Next Steps
The level of participation in Chile is skewed because it includes inactive members who have dropped out of the labor force. Source: AIOS (2004); Mesa-Lago (2004). workers contribute. In Chile, 56 percent of workers who belong to the plan contribute to it. While this is the highest contribution rate in the region, it is by no means satisfactory and means that many workers will not receive an adequate pension. 13, which provides the number of workers participating and contributing in the private pension pillar since the reforms.
Propuesta de Préstamo al Banco Nacional de Desarrollo Económico (BNDES) for a Multisectoral Sectoral Program. pp. 20–21. 2004. Economic and Social Progress Report (IPES). Good Jobs Wanted. : Inter-American Development Bank. International Labour Organization (ILO). 2002. Pensiones no contribuciones y asistenciales: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay. eds. Fabio Berstranov, C. Solorio, and W. Van Ginnekan. Santiago: International Labour Organization. 2003. 2003 Labour Overview: Latin America and the Caribbean.
Market capitalization has grown since the reforms, but liquidity and turnover remain low. Liquidity is essential to growth, as it enhances the allocation of capital. The number of listed companies has increased in Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and El Salvador, but has declined in other countries. To some extent, pension funds are unable to play a large role in market capitalization because 28 Copyright © by the Inter-American Development Bank. All rights reserved. 3 — Not available. Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2005; Standard and Poor’s, Emerging Market Fact Book, 2004.
A Quarter Century of Pension Reform in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons Learned and Next Steps by Carolin A. Crabbe