By John S. Saul
Two decades on from the autumn of apartheid in South Africa, veteran analyst and activist John S. Saul examines the liberation fight, putting it in a neighborhood and international context and searching at how the preliminary optimism and wish has given strategy to a feeling of challenge following hovering inequality degrees and the bloodbath of employees at Marikana.
With chapters on South Africa, Tanzania and Mozambique, Saul examines the truth of southern Africa’s post-'liberation' plight, drawing at the insights of Frantz Fanon and Amilcar Cabral and assessing claims new 'precariat' has emerged.
Saul examines the continuing 'rebellion of the poor', together with the hot Marikana bloodbath, that experience shaken the sector and should sign the potential of a brand new and extra hopeful destiny.
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Additional resources for A Flawed Freedom: Rethinking Southern African Liberation
123–147. ” In short, “Mwalimu” as “teacher” too often became, at best, the benign autocrat of the class-room and, at worst, a stern and officious head-master – at great long-run cost, one fears, to the emergence of a strong and self-confident citizenry. Indeed, if one had not learned to be sufficiently suspicious of the vanguard party model from the experience of socialism in Eastern Europe, Tanzania and Mozambique would have been useful refresher courses as to the real price to be paid for choosing uncritically what was, in essence if not always in name, a vanguardist option.
Indeed, with respect to this issue posed in this way, the jury is surely still out. The deeper problems and challenges that existed in the 1960s and 1970s continue to confront Africa today. They had begun to be sketched by Nyerere and the early TANU leadership, as they had been earlier by Nkrumah (for all the weaknesses of his own project), by Cabral and Fanon, and later by the likes of Eduardo Mondlane and Samora Machel. , Introducing New Approaches to Marxism: Critique and Struggle (Johannesburg: Wits University Press, forthcoming).
A story full of heroism, but also, in many ways, a grim tale, even if the right The Failure of Southern African Liberation? c 27 people – the arrogant white elites who once dominated, in racist terms, southern Africa – had lost. But, in the longer run, it is important to ask, who really won? Not, visibly and in any very expansive sense, the vast mass of the southern Africa people. Instead, the spoils of victory have mainly gone to “global capitalism” on the one hand, and to that thin stratum of black elites who have since arrogated to themselves whatever power and privilege global capital has left to them, on the other.
A Flawed Freedom: Rethinking Southern African Liberation by John S. Saul