Get A brief history of computing PDF

By Gerard O'Regan

ISBN-10: 144712359X

ISBN-13: 9781447123590

This vigorous and interesting textual content lines the main advancements in computation – from 3000 B.C. to the current day – in an easy-to-follow and concise demeanour. issues and lines: excellent for self-study, delivering many pedagogical beneficial properties comparable to chapter-opening key subject matters, bankruptcy introductions and summaries, workouts, and a word list; offers unique info on significant figures in computing, reminiscent of Boole, Babbage, Shannon, Turing, Zuse and Von Neumann; experiences the historical past of software program engineering and of programming languages, together with syntax and semantics; discusses the growth of synthetic intelligence, with extension to such key disciplines as philosophy, psychology, linguistics, neural networks and cybernetics; examines the impression on society of the creation of the non-public machine, the area vast internet, and the advance of cellular phone expertise; follows the evolution of a few significant expertise businesses, together with IBM, Microsoft and Apple.

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The abacus differed from counting boards in that the beads in abaci contained holes that enabled them to be placed in a particular rod of the abacus. C. C. They used mathematics to solve practical problems such as measuring time, measuring the annual Nile flooding, calculating the area of land, bookkeeping and accounting and calculating taxes. C. which consisted of 12 months with each month having 30 days. There were then five extra feast days to give 365 days in a year. C. 9 A reed-like parchment termed ‘papyrus’ was used for writing, and three Egyptian writing scripts were employed.

19 Aquinus’s (or St. Thomas’s) most famous work is Sumna Theologicae. The Aenid by Virgil suggests that the Romans were descended from survivors of the Trojan war and that Aeneas brought surviving Trojans to Rome after the fall of Troy. 21 Carthage was located in Tunisia, and the wars between Rome and Carthage are known as the Punic wars. Hannibal was one of the great Carthaginan military commanders, and during the second Punic war, he brought his army to Spain, marched through Spain and crossed the Pyrnees.

5 von Neumann Architecture 31 Fig. 4 Intel 4004 Microprocessor (Public domain) Silicon is a type of semiconductor, and during chip production, silicon wafers are used to create many individual chips. Fairchild Semiconductor invented the modern silicon diffusing process in 1959. The integrated circuit development process gradually evolved over time, and computer-aided design was employed from 1967. 5 von Neumann Architecture The earliest computers were fixed programs machines and were designed to do a specific task.

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A brief history of computing by Gerard O'Regan


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